You will become faster if you have a drink? Six beers will destroy the cube belly? We have done a research to determine the influence of alcohol.
Alcohol has the characteristics of Yin and Yang in a small amount – one or two drinks per day – have health benefits.
In high doses it can cause an accident, you may have hit on a friend’s wife.
Will you gain weight from alcohol?
This question is not easy to answer!
It is difficult to determine whether alcohol is food or medicine. It is technically a macronutrient like carbohydrates, proteins, fats and has an energy content of 7 kcal / g.
So, because it has many calories it should have usable energy. And here is the trick.
Regardless of the belief of many students, alcohol is not an essential nutrient, it is not required for survival and development, and contrary to the internal combustion engines, our body does not use ethanol as fuel.
Our body treats ethanol as a poison and fights to resolve it as soon as possible.
Therefore, it has a bigger plurality thermogenic effect in contrast to the other groups of nutrients, i.e. more calories are required for the processing than the other three groups.
Before we get into details, it is useful to know that we are talking about alcohol as a glass of alcohol or a bottle of beer a day, but researchers measure alcohol in grams.
Here is the “dictionary” for the translation:
- 55 dl of beer = 153 kcal and 13.9 g of alcohol
- 55 dl light beer = 103 calories and 11 g of alcohol
- 5 dl of wine (red) = 125 kcal and 15.6 g of alcohol
- 5 dl of wine (white) = 121 kcal and 15.1 g of alcohol
- 90 ml of sake = 117 kcal and 14.1 g of alcohol
- 44 ml of liquor (40%) = 97 kcal and 14 g of alcohol
The impact on the results of exercise and regeneration
If it is difficult for athletes to get permission to drink alcoholic beverages after exercise, then imagine how difficult it would be for weight lifters or runners to get permission to get drunk after a workout!
But they did it! In a study they had 6 drinks, then measured the strength and endurance. Exactly before, during a workout and 24-48 hours after exercise.
Contrary to expectations, alcohol had no visible effect on either one of the measurements. In addition, it didn’t increase the levels of creatine kinase, which would indicate muscle damage.
Dehydration is another potential problem for those who get drunk the night before a competition.
We need to know the following – the more the alcohol is concentrated, the greater the extent of dehydration. In one study it was found that beverages containing more than 4% of alcohol increase the amount of urine.
The concentrated alcohol has a particularly strong diuretic, 2.5 cl a 40% aqueous liquor contains 10 ml of ethanol and 15 ml of water, but the subjects urinated 100 ml, so four times as many.
Drunkenness and success are not usually a good pair, but the fitness training suffers most.
Studies on rugby players have proven – if they got drunk last night, their results of aerobic exercise have been very weak, while their anaerobic condition remained intact
What about health benefits?
Perhaps many athletes do not care about long-term health effects, but I find them interesting.
We know how serious the abuse of alcohol leads to addiction, liver and heart disease. It is common knowledge, but the other side of the coin is about moderate consumption, which shows measurable health benefits.
Two recent studies have shown that moderate beer consumption (3-6 dl / day) stimulates the immune system, and reduces the fat in the blood. 3-4 beer glasses have reduced levels of C-reactive protein (is associated with inflammation and various diseases of the heart), as well as fibrinogen, which is related to blood clotting, thrombosis.
That says it all about the anti-inflammatory actions, which partly explains the association between moderate alcohol consumption and reduced heart problems.
Many studies show the cardio protective benefits of 1-2 glasses of red wine. The nutrients in wine (resveratrol and proanthocyanidins) and alcohol are useful for the heart.
Nutrients reduce oxidative stress, and alcohol dilates blood vessels. Among other positive things we find an increase in good HDL cholesterol and reduction of production of blood clots.
If you want an alcohol given priority, choose a darker beer and wine because they have the highest polyphenol content. There is not much data on the potential benefits of concentrated alcohol, but the one which exists shows similar results. In one study Cognac, for example showed that it increases the plasma antioxidant levels. Brandy, bourbon and Armagnac are rich in ellagic acid, which is an anti-cancer and anti-microbial anti-oxidant.
So beer is our friend? Wine is a healthy-food? You’ll live longer if you drink a lot of whiskey?
The bottom line is that alcoholic beverages are not responsible for good health, there is no reason to think that they have a beneficial effect on the results in any field. It is true that moderate consumption (up to two drinks a day) helps to protect your heart, but at the same time does not adversely affect your looks without clothes.
Perhaps the simplest, most practical tip: if you drink so much that it affects your workouts, then you have to cut down. If, however, your consumption of anything does not matter, then we can have a drink!